Is Dental Health Genetic?

Did you know that if your parents have had a lot of dental issues, you might as well? Some dental health issues can be inherited, and genetic disposition can complicate problems like periodontal disease, cavities, and tooth decay.

The friendly dentists at Mettler and Griego Family Dentistry in Peoria can help you identify any genetic conditions that might affect your dental health. With early diagnosis and the appropriate treatments, you can prevent many oral health complications.

Dental Health and Genetics

There are several genetic abnormalities and heritable illnesses that can affect your mouth. Genetic abnormalities such as anodontia (the absence of teeth) and hypodontia (missing teeth from birth will have a direct impact on your dental health. 

Other inherited conditions such as amelogenesis imperfecta (defects in the enamel) and dentinogenesis imperfecta (tooth discoloration and translucency) often contribute to tooth decay. Conditions like cleft lip and cleft palate may result in improper formation of the roof of the mouth or lips, which impacts your oral health. 

Other hereditary conditions that can result in dental complications include:

  • Klinefelter Syndrome—related to cleft palate, this condition causes missing premolars and delayed development of the permanent teeth. 
  • Apert Syndrome—causes an open bite in the front teeth, malocclusion, delayed tooth eruption, and crowding. 
  • Mohr Syndrome—can cause cleft palate, a small tongue, or notching of the upper lip. 
  • Tricho-Dento-Osseous Syndrome—causes hypoplastic or poorly formed enamel.
  • Downs Syndrome—results in an enlarged tongue, delayed eruption of teeth, and partial anodontia. 

Complications from Inherited Dental Conditions

Studies have shown that genetics can affect many common problems such as tooth decay and periodontal disease. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research found that gum disease and cavities share genetic signatures with characteristics such as smoking, education, personality traits, and cardiovascular and metabolic measures.

Children tend to inherit some of their parents’ habits, as well. Poor oral care habits like infrequent brushing and flossing often lead to gum disease and cavities. Modifying your daily routines can help you avoid having to get root canals, crowns, and other treatments that your parents needed.

Family Dental Health

Wondering if your oral health conditions are genetic? Practicing good dental hygiene and making regular appointments can help limit the effects of both hereditary and non-hereditary oral health conditions. 

At Mettler Griego Family Dentistry in Peoria, we offer gentle cleanings and non-invasive treatments for gum disease. Our diode laser treatments target inflamed gum tissue and harmful bacteria to stop gum disease in its tracks. Contact us to make an appointment today.

Photo by Wesley Tingey on Unsplash