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Reasons Your Gums May Swell

Posted on 1/20/2019 by Mettler & Griego Family Dentistry
Reasons Your Gums May SwellHave you noticed that your gums look inflamed and irritated? If so, it is important to investigate the source of the problem. By determining the cause of the issue, you can take steps to correct it for good.

Gum Disease

A majority of Americans will deal with gum disease at some point in their lives. Most have the less severe version known as gingivitis, and a symptom includes gum swelling. However, others may develop the more serious type of gum disease called periodontitis, where swelling is coupled with pockets of infection.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Proper oral hygiene is essential for healthy teeth and gums. Poor brushing or flossing can fail to properly clean the teeth. Plus, brushing too hard could cause swelling and redness.

Mouth Ulcers

Ulcers in the mouth can also cause some swollen, painful gums. Canker sores are especially painful, and they may appear white with a red border. People with pre-existing autoimmune diseases may be especially at risk for mouth ulcers, so they might also suffer from swollen gums.


Good oral health requires good nutrition. Specifically, it is important to get enough vitamin C and B vitamins. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to scurvy, which can cause gum diseases. For this reason, malnutrition is often a cause of swollen gums.

Hormone Changes

Hormone changes can also be the cause of swollen gums. This is a common occurrence during pregnancy. Other hormonal events like puberty, menstruation, and menopause may also lead to problems with the gums. When blood flow increases to the gum tissue, they will become tender and will irritate easily.

If you notice that your gums are red and inflamed, it is important to schedule a dental checkup. We can determine the cause of the swelling and the appropriate treatment plan. Give us a call today.
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7505 W. Deer Valley Rd, STE100, Peoria, AZ 85382-2107

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