risks for periodontal disease

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease

With early diagnosis, Mettler & Griego Family Dentistry in Glendale can help you reduce your risk for periodontal disease. We are experts in diagnosing, treating, and preventing all gum diseases. There are many risks for periodontal disease, from genetics to lifestyle choices. Over half of Americans suffer from periodontal disease, but with proper treatment you can reverse the damage and reduce your risk for other more serious diseases.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontitis (commonly known as gum disease) is a bacterial gum infection that results from plaque buildup. Besides the gums, periodontal disease also affects the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Untreated gum infections lead to gum tissue and bone loss, and eventually to tooth loss. 

Risks include:

  • poor oral hygiene or poor nutrition
  • smoking or tobacco use
  • age and genetics
  • stress and stress-related habits
  • certain medications
  • other systemic diseases

Your lifestyle, genetics, age, and general health all contribute to your level of risk for periodontal disease. Smoking and poor oral hygiene are some of the highest risk factors. Stress-related habits such as clenching or grinding teeth can increase your risk for periodontitis. Certain medications or other diseases might also cause complications. Be sure to discuss your medical history with us at your next periodontal examination.

Symptoms include:

  • red, irritated, or swollen gums
  • bleeding when you brush or floss
  • painful chewing
  • loose teeth 
  • chronic bad breath
  • receding gums

Treatment begins with diagnosis. Over half of Americans suffer from some form of gum disease. The sooner that periodontitis is diagnosed, the better the chances of reversing the damage. Without treatment, you put yourself at greater risk of developing more serious conditions. 

Contact Us

If you are concerned about the health of your gums, contact Mettler & Griego Family Dentistry in Glendale. Our husband and wife team will expertly assess your risk for periodontal disease. We will give you a comprehensive periodontal examination to assess the extent of your gum disease and determine the appropriate course of treatment. Please contact us if you have bleeding or swollen gums, if your teeth have shifted, or if you want a complete periodontal exam to find out the health of your gums. We will answer all of your questions and recommend treatments to help you to achieve optimal dental health. Call 623-487-4870 to schedule an appointment today.